This study is based on the assumption that despite several interventions of agricultural projects co-financed by the Government of the DRC and its rural development partners in the Territory of Isangi, the extreme poverty of households would persist because of factors of various kinds, some of which are endogenous and others exogenous to the beneficiaries. Participatory analysis with beneficiaries, ex-managers of agricultural projects, NGOs, economic operators, OPAs and public services operating in the Territory of Isangi has identified four root causes of project inefficiency. The four root causes are: (i) insufficient financial, technical and human resources to make public services more efficient and effective; (ii) the depreciation of the national currency, which makes farm income vulnerable and unstable, (iii) organizational leadership is autocratic, without a vision of professionalization or development; and (iv) the lack of adequate training and the inappropriate pedagogical approach to building beneficiaries’ capacity. Significant improvement in these four key factors would improve the effectiveness of agricultural project interventions in rural areas.

Keywords: Efficiency, agricultural project, impact, sustainability, extreme poverty, rural