Determinants of productivity, economic profitability and social impact of market gardening in the district of Boundiali, in the north of Cote d'Ivoire
Market gardening remains one of the main sources of monetary income and food self-sufficiency for the northern populations of Cote d'Ivoire. The objective of this study is to determine the sociological characteristics of producers, to assess the determinants of productivity and economic profitability and finally to identify the social changes induced by this activity. To achieve this, a survey was conducted among 50 market gardeners selected on the basis of random sampling in the commune of Boundiali. The descriptive and analytical statistics, the budget approach and the social analysis method made it possible to analyse the data. From the results, it is concluded that the market gardening sector is mainly owned by women (68%). Market gardeners are generally members of farmers' groups or associations (84%), illiterate and finance their activity with their own funds. This activity mainly employs family workers. This justifies the small size of the areas cultivated and the low income. Finally, the income from market gardening improves the daily food satisfaction rate of the market gardener's family (67%), the level of schooling and access to health care. Market gardening is therefore a source of empowerment and improvement of the living conditions of market gardeners.
Keywords: market gardening, profitability, determinants, impact, Boundiali